Schedule of bars (or bar bending schedule) is a list of reinforcement bars, with regard to a known RCC work item, and is offered in a tabular format for easy visual reference. This table sums up all the required specifics of bars as diameter, length of each bent, a total length of each bar, a shape of bending & straight portions, number of each type of bar and angles of bending. This statistics is a great benefit for preparing an estimate of quantities.

Figure 1 depicts the shape and proportions of hooks and bends in the reinforcement bars these have adhered to the standard proportions:

(a) Length of one hook = (4d) + [(4d+ d)]  where, (4d+ d) denotes to the curved portion = 9d.

(b) The additional length (la) that is presented in the simple, straight end-to-end length of a reinforcement bar due to being bent up at say 30o to 60o, but it is generally 45o) = l1 l2= la




Fig 1: Hooks and bends in Reinforcement

Giving different values to respectively), we get different values of la, as shown below:


Figure 2 shows the technique to reach the length of hooks & the total length of a given steel reinforcement.


Fig: Typical Bar Bending Schedule



Amazing Uses of Glass in Architecture

Selgas Cano Architecture Office


In the middle of a quiet Spanish forest, the Selgas Cano Architecture Office is a glass shell of creativeness.  The ceiling and outer wall of the office is entirely open to the nature surrounding it, due to a clear curved wall of glass.  All through the 4 seasons, the employees for Selgas Cano are directly in sync with environment.

Sears Tower Glass Balconies


A hint of glass buildings can add a fresh new perception and a whole lot of fear to the already rising heights of the Sears Tower (also known as the Willis Tower).  The Sears Tower Glass Balconies range from near the building’s top at 1,353 feet.  The sight from the Sears is a matchless way of seeing the city of Chicago. They’ve added a new aspect to the Sears Skydeck experience.

Farnsworth House by Mies van der Rohe


Being one of the modern period’s most eminent works of glass architecture, the Farnsworth House is a piece that pushed the envelope in the usage of glass in architecture.  The home sorts floor-to-ceiling glass all through, giving an open connection to the riverbank nature of the plot.

Glass Houseboat by X-Architects


The Glass Houseboat takes an obvious encouragement from the Farnsworth House, this time taking the white-beam-and-glass tactic to a sea-faring residence.  This expansive houseboat sports two levels on a pair of pontoons, skinned with floor-to-ceiling glass building in each direction.  Its residents are delighted with unbarred sights of city and sea, the ultimate mobile domicile off the coast of Dubai.

National Grand Theatre of China


The National Grand Theatre of China is a huge dome of titanium and glass, it is also one of greatest architectural works of China’s in last decade.  Located near Tiananmen Square, this glass structure stocks a theatre, an opera & a music hall, joining to seat 5,452 guests at a time.  The dome is focused within an artificial lake, offering a reflective sight of the dome from the lane.

Basque Health Department Headquarters of Bilbao Spain


Bilbao, Spain has developed as an architectural hot spot due to the Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, by Frank Gehry.  While Gehry designed his masterpiece with metal, Coll-Barreu crafted the Basque Health Dept. Headquarters in angular glass with an almost organically-inspired shape. This building is easily amongst the world’s most progressive in form, when it comes to glass in architecture.

Kanagawa Institute of Technology Glass Building


There are none better than this, when it comes to glass offices. You won’t find uninterested cubicle workers in this hall, but a meeting of the minds of the future workers of Japan, fitting together for community and creative projects in one of the chief glass work spaces in the world.  Thanks to a thin glass skin that wraps around its entire exterior, it is huge, monumental even, a piece of architecture whose inner beauty is entirely exposed.

The Louvre Pyramid


French president François Mitterrand, in 1984, appointed architect I.M. Pei to design & construct a new entrance for the iconic Louvre museum.  The Louvre Pyramid was the outcome, one of the well-known works of glass architecture till date.  This great glass pyramid grows out of the square in front of the Louvre at an altitude of 70 feet, comprising of 673 glass sections from base to tip.  Visitors arrive the pyramid to descend below-ground afore ascending again into the main level of the museum.  While the Louvre Pyramid was built in the middle of much critique & controversy, it has been praised by architecture fans as a well-executed merging of modernist & classical architectures.

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Coolest Office Spaces in India You’d Love to Wok in

You spend a huge portion of your everyday life at your work place. For those working with crunched tables, cluttered corners and small cubicles, work can be somewhat disheartening. You would definitely love to go an office which is so cool you would always want to go there, won’t you? Not everyone gets that chance. But some are lucky.

Here are the coolest offices of our country:

1.Tulip Infratech, Gurgaon

Modern classy furniture and a thrilling bar. Nothing could have replaced this.



2. Baya Park, Mumbai

The official nest.

baya park

3. White Canvas, Bengaluru

At times subtlety finds its way to ability.

white canvas

white canvas1

4. Myntra, Bengaluru

Outside the box ideas from inside! Get the outside in.





5. RIDOC, Bengaluru

The view itself if motivating enough.



6. Harley Davidson, Gurgaon

The name itself gets you going.

harley davidson

harley davidson1

7. Phantom Films, Mumbai

Beautiful place for creativity.

phantom films

8. Pegasystems, Hyderabad

Colorful ideas.


9. Freshdesk, Chennai

Starts your day with positivity.

fresh desk

10. Microsoft, Gurgaon

You gotta work and play.



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