Residential Space Planning

Steps for Residential Space Planning

Residential Space planning is about the organizing the interior space for providing clients with very efficient & commercially helpful use of a building`s layout. We know how space should be used & develop spatial provision that go ahead the schedule of accommodation to achieve a creative & proficient configuration.

Evaluating the client`s needs

  1. An effective design satisfactorily accommodates within a structure the lifestyle & specific requirements of the user.
  2. Determine detailed needs of the client
  • Prepare a list that includes design concerns and needs
    • Family size & structure
    • Family or individuals interests & activities
    • Location of site
    • Number of levels
    • Budget of project
    • Zoning ordinances and covenants
    • Architecture style


  1. One story homes are usually compatible with a limited number of architectural styles and have the prospective to be more costly if located on a larger site.
  2. One & one-half story homes utilize the attic as a living space through structural elements including a steep roof and dormers projecting from the roof to let in air and light.
  3. Two story homes are inexpensive to build since of smaller roof & foundation area.
  4. Split-level homes are developed for a sloping lot, & separate sleeping, living, & recreation on different levels.

Traffic patterns

  1. Are a primary consideration in designing a functional plan.
  1. Main traffic areas include the halls, stairs, foyers, entrances to rooms & exterior entrances.
  1. Travel should be short and if possible not pass through other rooms.
  2. Trace various routes through the house to examine traffic flow.
expensive homes

Top 10 Most Expensive Homes (2016)

“A house is the most valuable asset in one`s life, where everyone manages a perfect mix of safety and comfort for their loved ones. Though,fore those who can afford beautiful & luxurious houses, their houses are a reflection of their personal style and taste. As money is not a very big issue for them, they spend millions on building their houses unique & extraordinary.

Here is The List of Top 10 Most Expensive Homes in India 2016:

  1. NCPA Apartments, Mumbai

NCPA Apartments in Mumbai is located in high-class area of Nariman Point, and makes a very posh housing option in India. One would need to shell out an inflated price of Rs 29-35 crore, to possess a 4 bedroom apartment here.

  1. Gautam Singhania Residence, JK House, Mumbai


JK House at Breach Kandy in Mumbai is absolutely, one of the costliest and most luxurious houses, which belongs to Gautam Singhania. It also has some astonishing facilities such as a museum, a helipad & a health center. The house has total 30 floors, out of which 6 are kept back for only parking.

  1. Vijay Mallya Residence, White House in the Sky, UB City Bangalore


Vijay Mallya, the ostentatious business magnate, who owns Kingfisher Airlines in addition to UB Group, possesses a luxurious house, which he calls “White House in the Sky”. This luxurious mansion style home has been built in UB City & is worth well over Rs 100 crore.

  1. Shashi Ruia & Ravi Ruia Residence, New Delhi

The Chairman of Essar Group, Shashi Ruia & the Vice Chairman, Ravi Ruia owns one of the most luxurious bunglows in India. This house is located on the well-known Tees January Marg & is worth a huge Rs 120 crore.

  1. Rana Kapoor Residence, Tony Altamount Road, Mumbai

The CEO of Yes Bank, Rana Kapoor, has of late acquired a luxurious house situated at Tony Altamount Road. This building, which was earlier possessed by Citi Group, was recently acquired by Kapoor, by paying a huge sum of Rs 120 crore.

  1. Naveen Jindal Residence, Delhi

Next is the stunning house of industrialist-politician Naveen Jindal, which is situated in one of the most expensive vicinities of the city, the Leafy Lutyens Bungalow Zone in Delhi. This house is prized around Rs 125-150 crore.

  1. Ratan Tata Residence, Colaba, Mumbai

Presenting next on the list is the splendid bungalow of businessman Ratan Tata, which has worth Rs 125-150 crore. The three storied grand house shields an area of 15000 sq feet & has several outstanding facilities.

  1. Shahrukh Khan Residence, Mannat, Mumbai

The beautiful house of Bollywood super star, Mannat, is considered as one of the most lavish homes in the nation. It is located in the Bandra area of Mumbai & is valued at Rs 125-150 crore. The house lives up to the reputation of the super star.

  1. Anil Ambani Residence, Abode, Mumbai


Making it to the top of this list, the Ambani brothers, with Anil Ambani having a home called Abode constructed, which is computed to touch a cost of Rs 5000 crore & even more.

  1. Mukesh Ambani Residence, Antila, Mumbai


Antila, the residence of Mukesh Ambani, is on the top of this list with its worth reaching an implausible Rs 10000 crore. Having an area of 400000 sq foot, Antila is no less than a landmark in Mumbai & has all modern amenities, which are even hard to imagine.

Furthermore, many expensive & beautiful houses are owned by the famous & rich people in India. These people consist of politicians, film stars & well-known sportspersons, who don’t mind expending millions on their homes.

amazing bridges in india

Top 10 amzing bridges in India

  1. Naini Setu

    Located: Across Yamuna River, near Allahabad

    Opened: 1865

    One of  the longest & oldest bridges that pass through the Yamuna, the Naini Setu boasts of both road & rail compatibility. Upper deck has two-lane railway line & lower deck has road line working ever since 1927.

  2. Narmada Setu

    Located: Across Narmada River, near Bharuch

    Opened: 1881


    Also recognised as the Golden bridge, Britishers built this linkage to join to the main city Bombay (Now Mumbai) for all dealing purposes.

  3. Godavari Setu

    Located: Across the Godavari river, near Rajahmundry

    Opened: 1900


    Also known as Havelock Bridge, this old bridge is presently used to transport civic provisions whilst waiting to be acknowledged as a monument. It is one of the longest bridges connecting the then Howrah and Madras.

  4. Pamban Setu

    Located: Across the Palk strait, near Rameshwaram

    Opened: 1913


    The first sea bridge & also one of the longest in its type, this bridge connects the historical Rameshwaram to the mainland. It has double leaf bascule section midway for ships and barges to pass through.

  5. Rabindra Setu

    Located: Across the Hooghly River
    Opened: 1943


    Also known as Howrah Bridge, Kolkata’s iconic landmarks, carries the weight of 150,000 walkers and 100,000 automobiles on a regular basis. It could be the busiest cantilever bridge in the world.

  6. Saraighat Setu

    Located: Across the Brahmaputra River, near Saraighat

    Opened: 1962


    It’s the first rail-cum-road bridge crossways the Brahmaputra river. Inaugurated by Prime Minister Jawarlal Nehru, this bridge has been productively joining North East to the rest of the country for more than 50 years.

  7. Mahatma Gandhi Setu

    Located: Across the Ganges river, Patna

    Opened: 1982


    It is one of the longest river bridges crossing the divine river of Ganges in India. This rail-cum-road bridge was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

  8. Vidyasagar Setu

    Located: Across the Hooghly River, Kolkata

    Opened: 1992


    Known as the second Hooghly Bridge, this is the other iconic bridge of West Bengal, which is also the longest cable-stayed bridge in India.

  9. Vikramshila Setu

    Located: Across the Ganges, near Bhagalpur

    Opened: 2001


    It is the thridrd longest bridge on water in India and joins two National Highways (NH-31 and NH-80). It is also only a road bridge with pedestrian footpaths at the boundaries.

  10. Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link

    Located: Across Mahim Bay, Near Bandra (Mumbai)

    Opened: 2009


    Also recognised as the Bandra-Worli Sea link, this bridge is the lengthiest over-the-sea link in India. This was mostly constructed to decrease the traffic bottleneck between these points in Mumbai.


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The requisite to increase the capacity of an existing building as per safety policy for earthquake proof buildings, to survive against the seismic forces rises typically from the indication of the caused damage & bad performance during an earthquake. It can also arise from computations or by evaluations with some similar buildings that have been damaged at other spots. In the first case, the landlord can be relatively convinced easily for taking up some earthquake protection actions, for improving the strength of the building. Whereas in the second case residents that have much more stringent day-to-day needs are generally hesitant to spend money for improvement of seismic safety as a part of earthquake preparedness.

The hurdles during repairs, restoration & seismic strengthening of buildings are concisely listed below:

(i) Before the occurrence of a likely earthquake, the essential strengthening of seismically weak buildings is to be identified by a survey & examination of the structures.

(ii) Just after a destructive earthquake, emergency repairs & temporary supports are to be conceded so that hazardously standing buildings may not fall during aftershocks & the less damaged ones could be quickly brought back into routine.

(iii) The actual repair & strengthening difficulties are faced at the stage once things start settling down, after the earthquake. At this stage difference has to be made in the type of action required, that is, repairs, restoration & strengthening, since the cost, time & skill required for them may differ.

Strengthening of existing masonry (Small cracks)


Large cracks & crushed concrete


Strengthening RC Members

three3 four4

Strengthening an arched opening in masonry wall


Strengthening with wire mesh & mortar


Strengthening of Foundations


Connection of new and old brick walls (T-junction) & Connection of new brick wall with existing stone wall